Cambodia

Cambodia 2018-06-14T09:44:15+00:00

In 2018, Coram International was contracted by UNICEF to conduct a study on good practices of community-based programmes to support family preservation and the prevention of family separation. The study will map the existing community-based programmes supporting family preservation and the prevention of family separation in five key provinces in Cambodia, identifying good practices and opportunities for development. The study will assess which international examples of best practice in community-based programming can be applied to the Cambodian context and which in-country examples can be scaled-up to maximise capacity and effectiveness. The findings of this mapping and evaluative exercise will inform the development of a theoretical business model of successful community-based programmes supporting family preservation, and an advocacy paper proposing best practice in community-based programming as an alternative to residential care targeted at potential donors. The study is due to be completed by late 2018.

In 2017, Coram International was contracted by UNICEF to conduct a formative evaluation of UNICEF’s child protection work in Cambodia. The mixed methods evaluation aims to provide credible evidence on the relevance, effectiveness, efficiency and sustainability of the UNICEF’s work with the Government of Cambodia, national and sub-national institutions, provincial authorities, social service providers, communities, and others working on improving protection of vulnerable girls and boys, and preventing unnecessary family separation. The ultimate purpose of the evaluation is to inform decision-making processes, especially UNICEF’s future strategies, and programme development in child protection. The results of the evaluation will also be used to underpin evidence-based contributions to UNICEF Cambodia’s new country programme 2019-2023, and child protection programming in the East Asia and Pacific region through the identification of good practices, lessons learned and innovations.

In 2016/17, Coram International undertook an in-depth study for UNICEF Cambodia, which aims to build a solid knowledge-base on the different forms of community-based alternative care practices, including Pagoda-based care. This research study, which is being implemented in partnership with the Ministry of Social Affairs, informs on-going child care sector reform in Cambodia. There has been a need to better understand the practices of family- and community-based care alternatives, especially in light of the Cambodian Government’s commitment to re-integrate children currently living in residential care into community-based care arrangements. The study assesses the different forms of alternative care in the community, particularly kinship care, foster care, group homes and pagoda-based care, and analyses to what degree these forms of care are in compliance with the national and international Minimum Standards of Alternative Care for Children. It also looks into the costs and funding sources of the different forms of community-based alternative care in Cambodia.

In 2015, Coram International was contracted by UNICEF Cambodia to develop a framework and introductory narrative for the National Action Plan to Prevent and Respond to Violence against Children. The consultancy supported the Government in developing a five-year, costed, inter-ministerial action plan to address violence against children, and involves: identifying gaps and synergies in existing Government plans and strategies, in particular the National Action Plan on Violence against Women; carrying out an extensive desk review to identify lessons learnt and good practices on interventions to prevent and respond to violence against children from other countries, focusing on inter-sectoral and life cycle approaches; prepare inputs for technical working groups responsible for drafting sections of the Action Plan; and preparing a framework and final drafts for the narrative sections of the action plan.

In 2013, Professor Carolyn Hamilton and Coram International conducted a mapping and analysis of national legislation related to violence against children in each of the ten ASEAN Member States (Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam). This mapping and analysis compared national legislation to international laws, standards and best practices, including the recommendations and findings from UNICEF’s Violence Against Children Study. The project included a detailed comparison across the ten ASEAN Member States, highlighting common issues, concerns, or successes and making recommendations for legislative reform.