In 2015, Coram International conducted baseline research for CARE Papua New Guinea. The research provide a baseline for measuring complex change in sexual, reproductive, and maternal health related behaviours, women’s empowerment, and health systems governance and service delivery, in the remote Eastern Highlands. The research applied qualitative and quantitative methods; drawing on proven tools such as CARE’s Women’s Empowerment Multidimensional Evaluation of Agency, Social Capital and Relations (WE-MEASR) tool, and Promundo’s Gender Equitable Men (GEM) scale.